All versions of the PlayStation support RGB-output, however different solutions might be better for your
setup. Please read on for more information. As an FYI, if you're not 100% sure what
480i and 240p are, I strongly recommend reading the 240p page before going any
PS1 consoles all output 240p, so using an RGB cable will get you the best picture. I suggest using
luma as sync to reduce interference found in cables that use composite video as sync. Either way, if your
switch requires csync, you'll either need to add a sync stripper to the SCART cable, or order a cable with a sync stripper
built-in. If just your display (not your switch) requires csync, then ordering the cable
as-is and adding a sync stripper right before the display is the easiest option.
Other mods &
info: - If you plan on playing light gun games, you'll either need an early
model PS1 that has a composite video port on the back, or an RGB SCART cable with a separate composite
video out (linked above). The games can still be played in RGB, but the light gun itself needs to plug
into the composite video port.
- There are many revisions of the PS1, however all seem to
output a very high quality RGB signal*. I even posted on a few forums to
get other people's opinions and for the most part, everyone agrees there isn't a "good" or "bad"
revision. As a result, I suggest choosing your PS1 model based on size and features, without worrying
about output quality:
The early model Playstation 1's are known for excellent analog audio output.
Specifically, it's the models SCPH-1001 (USA), SCPH-1000 (Japan), or SCPH-1002 (Europe). Here's
a fewarticles that explain more. There's even a guide on how to turn it into a dedicated CD player.
- Early model PS systems have RCA jacks on the back for composite video and L/R
audio. This comes in handy for people who want to play light gun games, since you won't have to
worry about adding a composite video output to the RGB
- The PS1 menu screen, as well as many
cutscenes of games are in 480i, which is why you'll sometimes see "interlaced flicker" on menu
screens. As an FYI, some upscalers might have an issue when switching between modes. Luckily
gameplay is in 240p and looks great.
For even more detailed info about PS1 video
output, as well as comparison pics and alternative ways to play PS1 games, I highly recommend checking out My
Life In Gaming's PS1 video:
Best output solution for 480p: RGsB, also known as "Sync On Green". I describe this in
detail below and you can use an RGB SCART cable to get RGsB.
Easier solution for 480p: Component video cables; Also supports 240p & 480i, links to the
The component video encoder in the Playstation 2 is known to be a bit noisy. If your setup only
supports 240p & 480i (and you're already a SCART user), you don't have to worry about this at
all: Just get an RGB SCART cable and skip all the 480p talk in this section. Alternatively, if
you're using a consumer-grade CRT, just use whatever option is easiest for you, as you most likely won't
be able to tell the difference. I'll explain the better 480p option...
...but before I begin, I'd like to mention that if your setup only consists of component video and HDMI
consoles, it's probably not worth adding all the equipment involved with RGB SCART to upgrade your PS2
experience. I'm assuming most people reading this page already have RGB setups, but if you came here
looking for a quick PS2 solution, it's best to just use component video. Anyway, for RGB SCART
Your first choice is to just deal with component video. It's not a "bad" solution and depending
on your setup, using anything else might make things extremely complicated. Many PS2 games don't
support 480p, so unless your equipment already supports RGsB (more on that in a sec), an easy
solution might be to use RGB SCART for most games and switch to component for 480p.
If you'd like the best solution, you can use your RGB SCART cable for all resolutions (including
480p) by using a feature called "sync on green", which is a signal that combines the sync
information with the green color line, referred to as RGsB. If you're not familiar with this term, I
suggest reading though the sync page. There are a few ways to use RGsB and there's a chance you
already have equipment that supports it!:
- Some 480p capable RGB monitors can accept a RGsB signal,
simply by toggling the external sync button off when RGsB is enabled. Many Sony BVM's have this
- A few video processors, such as the OSSC accept RGsB directly, with no other equipment required.
-Extron Rxi boxes will automatically convert RGsB to either RGBs or RGBHV,
without any intervention at all.
In most cases, you'd just add this as the last piece of equipment before your display. This might
require a few cable changes in your setup; All cable details are provided on the Extron Rxi
Here's a video that shows exactly how to use PS2 RGsB in the most common scenarios:
PS2: The PS2 should
always output PS1 games in 240p, via RGB or component. I've seen a few places claim it won't output 240p
via component, however I can confirm that it worked for me*. It's worth
noting that a few PS1 games aren't compatible with PS2 systems:
- If your PS2 is chipped or softmodded, you can use the GSM Selector to try and force the game to output all possible PS2 video
modes: 240p, 480i, 480p, 720p, 1080i. Results may vary and some games won't work at all, unless
played in their original mode.
- You can also try patching PS2
iso's to force certain video modes as well:
- I've read online that some people have modded their PS2's to output VGA (specifically motherboards older then
GH-015), which bypasses the component video encoder, producing a better picture. I haven't
stumbled across a PS2 that I could perform this mod, but if anyone has more information, please let me know. Here's more links:
PS3 can output games from 480i - 1080p, but not 240p. As a result, HDMI is the best solution.
Playstation 3 also supports the same resolutions via component video output, although most
displays won't accept 1080p via component, only 480i, 480p, 720p and 1080i.
As an FYI, if you use an RGB cable with a PS3, you'll only get 480i, so in most cases, this is not a good
Other mods &
info: - All PS3 systems are backward-compatible with PS1 games, but none run in 240p, only
- If you have an RGB monitor that supports 720p and HD SDi, you can use an
HDMI to HD SDi converter to play games in the highest quality on your monitor. I've played many games in
720p on my 32", 16:9 Sony BVM-D32E1WU.
- Many people try to fix their "blinking light" PS3 issues with a heat
gun. While this may work as a temporary "band-aid", it could cause more damage then good. The only
actual fix is to repair the connection between the GPU and the motherboard, nicknamed "reballing".
Unfortunately, I haven’t found a reliable reballing shop that I’d feel comfortable recommending. To make
matters worse, there are many scam places that claim to reball your PS3, but just reflow it. I’ll update
this page if I ever find a good store.
- Only three models of the PS3 are backward-compatible with PS2 games and not
all are equal. I believe the first two models have full PS2 hardware compatibility, but the final
backwards-compatible model uses some hardware with partial software emulation. I've heard many people
complain of lag, slowdown and other issues when playing PS2 games on a PS3, but other people have no issues at
all. It may be that only the hardware-compatible versions are worth using for PS2 games, but I haven't
had time to check. I hope to update this page someday with full tests and more information. For
now, here's what I think are the different compatible units:
Hardware-based backward compatibility
Hardware-based backward compatibility
Partially software-based backward compatibility
My final Playstation thoughts:
At the top of this page, I recommended that everyone uses the original system to play these games (PS1
via RGB & PS2 via component), but everyone's situation might be a little different. For example, if
you plan on using your PS2 with an RGB cable, then PS1 games should play perfect with very few exceptions. This is also good if you don't have the extra space for both
consoles. There's many other scenarios where my suggestions might not fit your setup, but everything
listed above is accurate for those who want the absolute best experience from each of their PS
consoles. Please feel free to contact me if you disagree, or felt I missed any points.